General, Electrical Cable and Ducting insulation. Also sports and related activities.
|Thickness (mm)||Adhesion (n/25mm)||Tensile
|Features: General purpose flexible pPVC tape. Available in Black, White, Red, Blue, Yellow, Green, Green/Yellow|
Features: High performance wire and cable insulation. Flame retardant / self-extinguishing. Good conformability. Range of colours. BS specified
|pPVC Insulation / Duct Sealing - Silver|
|Features: Joint sealing in ducting / electrical insulation. Flame retardant, BS specified|
|Features: An electrical and general purpose PE tape,highly conformable at sub-zero temperature.Range of 8 colours including - Clear.|
|Non Woven Polyester Adhesive Tape - High Temperature Electrical Tape|
|Features: 5535B is a non-woven polyester tape, halogen free, single coated with a pressure sensitive thermosetting rubber adhesive - Black.|
A wide variety of electrical tapes is available; some for highly specialized purposes. Electricians generally use only black tape for insulation purposes. The other colours are used to indicate the voltage level and phase of the wire. (In fact, the coloured tape is referred to as "phasing tape".) This is done on large wire which is available only in black insulation. When wires are phased, a ring of tape is placed on each end near the termination so that the purpose of the wire is obvious. The following table describes this usage.
The fact that it is often more UV-resistant than other tapes and its ability to stretch has led to a wide range of uses beyond insulation. Electrical tape is torn by grasping it between the pointer fingers and thumbs of both hands with thumbs touching. Pulling the hands apart stretches the tape until it breaks (about 4 inches.) As it is easily torn by hand, can be written on, and generally removes from smooth surfaces cleanly (i.e. not leaving any marks or sticky residue) it's useful for a number of other applications such as labelling (including colour coding) and temporarily attaching objects to one another.
When used to temporarily hold together a bundle of wires (or other objects), a tail can be made for easy removal. After wrapping the bundle, twist the end several times so the tape wraps around itself then pull away from the bundle to create the tail. A tail can also be achieved by folding a small part of the free end back onto itself, contacting the two sticky sides. This can also allow for reuse of the end.
Use in Sport and related activities:
- Electrical tape is often used in sports where knee high socks or shin guards are worn, such as rugby. This keeps them from slipping down out of place. Rugby players also use it to tape back their ears to avoid abrasion, cuts and cauliflower ear.
- In motor-sports such as rallying, electrical tape is used to tape up the lights on the car in case of crashes which would usually lead to spillage of glass.
- Australian rules football players occasionally wear arm bands of black electrical tape, in honour of someone related to the player or their club who recently died.
- Electrical tape is also used by youths in cricket playing nations. It is wrapped around tennis balls to make them look and/or act like cricket balls.
- Many martial arts schools use electrical tape, sometimes in different colors, to mark intermediate stages between belts.
- Before the introduction of mass produced roller hockey pucks, certain brands of electrical tape were used as a puck substitute given that traditional ice hockey pucks are poorly suited for use on concrete and asphalt. Scotch 88 tape, in particular, was commonly used in general and league play during the 1990s.
- In the Irish sport of Hurling electrical tape is wrapped around certain parts of the hurl to hold grips in place, act as grips, and to hold the hurl together in case of cracks or splinters. In Camogie, it is required to wrap the band of the hurl to protect other players. Electrical tape is used as it is strong, waterproof and easy to apply.
- People involved in color guard use electrical tape to tape their flags, rifles, and sabres for ease of use and identification.
- Marching percussionists use electrical tape to wrap their sticks. The purpose is twofold: the first being the increased durability and the second being increased visibility against marching uniforms, making stick movement and uniformity more obvious.
- During the cross country phase of eventing a horse back riding competition riders use electrical tape to ensure that the velcro on their horses boots does not come undone.
- Electrical tape is sometimes also used to secure lighting cables to the truss in stagecraft, and is commonly known as LX tape for this reason, particularly in the UK. It is also used to join fuses in firework rigging, to provide both mechanical strength and short-term waterproofing and is sometimes used for the marking out of set and stage space whilst in rehearsal spaces.
- Israeli soldiers commonly use electrical tape (called isolierband in Hebrew and originated in German) to perform quick fixes and to "upgrade" their equipment. In effect, isolierband is used in the IDF as a substitute for duct tape due to its small roll size and common black color.
- Electrical tape is also a very unconventional, functional yet aesthetically pleasing art material, used infrequently in sculpture installation and graphic design.
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